Sonntag, 16. Mai 2010
2 dl de caramelo (de compra)
2 dl de leite
1 pacote de gelatina de laranja
4 dl de natas
Aquecer o leite e derreter a gelatina
Juntar o caramelo e as natas
Colocar numa forma molhada e levar ao frigorífico
Eu amo vermelho!!!!!!!!
E esta decoracao é muito fofa ....
Eu como amo vermelho ...
Quero uma pra mim ..
- 1 kg de asa de frango
- raspas e suco de 1 limão
- 4 colheres (sopa) de molho de pimenta
- 1 pimenta vermelha sem sementes picada
- 2 colheres (sopa) de gengibre picadinho
- 3 colheres (sopa) de molho de soja (shoyo)
- 2 colheres (sopa) de azeite
- sal e pimenta-do-reino a gosto
- 1 xícara (chá) de cebolinha picada (para polvilhar)
1- Com auxilio de uma faca, retire as pontas de 1 kg de asa de
frango. Transfira as asas para uma tigela e tempere com raspas e
suco de 1 laranja, raspas e suco de 1 limão, 4 colheres (sopa) de
molho de pimenta, 1 pimenta vermelha sem sementes picada, 2
colheres (sopa) de gengibre picadinho, 3 colheres (sopa) de molho
de soja (shoyo), 2 colheres (sopa) de azeite, sal e
pimenta-do-reino a gosto. Coloque tudo dentro de um saco plástico
e deixe nesta marinada por +/- 4 horas, dentro da geladeira.
2 - Numa assadeira untada com azeite disponha, separadamente, as
asas (não descarte a marinada) e leve ao forno médio pré-aquecido
a 180 graus por 20 minutos. De vez em quando regue com a
marinada. Com auxilio de uma espátula vire as asas de frango e
deixe dourar o outro lado por +/- 15 minutos (sempre regando com
a marinada). Retire as asas do forno e para servir polvilhe 1
xícara (chá) de cebolinha picada e acompanhe com legumes
Minhas fofinhas ..
Como estao ???
Acho que aqui nao existe verao ...
Pois só chove e faz frio .. tststst Innsbruck .... Adorável Innsbruck ...
Bom domigao pra vcs ...
"Como que realmente pode se traduzir as palavras WÄHREND E SOLANGE? e como é que se diz enquando em alemao? - Aprender alemao aqui -
Este blog é ótimo para aprender alemao ...
Este texto é autoria dele.
Porque o uso do während, eu entendo e sei usar (no caso com o genitivo), mas o solange, eu tenho nocao, mas nem sempre acerto o jeito de usar, e por isso acabo sempre apelando para outras possibilidades quando quero usar alguma estrutura com solange, por exemplo, quando quero dizer " Eu estou aqui por enquanto", eu digo, "Ich bin hier für eine Weile" e essas coisas.
Se voce realmente podesse me explicar isso com um post no seu blog, eu ficaria muito grato."
Acho que você tá fazendo uma grande salada... (hehe)
Vamos por partes.. primeiro você tem que diferenciar POR ENQUANTO de ENQUANTO em português mesmo. São duas coisas diferentes. "Enquanto" é uma conjunção, ou seja, une duas orações. "Por enquanto" tem valor adverbial, é uma expressão fixa.
Na verdade, eu moro no Brasil, mas por enquanto eu estou fazendo um curso de alemão aqui na Alemanha.
Enquanto eu estiver morando aqui na Alemanha, eu vou tentar falar só alemão.
O "por enquanto" tem valor adverbial... ele pode ser recolocado na oração.
Estou fazendo por enquanto um curso de alemão...
Estou fazendo um curso de alemão por enquanto..
Estou fazendo um curso de alemão aqui na Alemanha por enquanto.
Já o "enquanto" conjunção tem posição sempre inicial da oração.
Desfeita a primeira confusão, vamos para a segunda confusão:
WÄHREND pode ser tanto uma preposição quanto uma conjunção em alemão. Como preposição ela tem um caso (GENITIVO), mas conjunções não tem caso nenhum. Repetindo: "enquanto" é conjunção. Portanto, se WÄHREND estiver sendo usado no sentido de ENQUANTO (conjunção) também não terá caso nenhum. "Während" só é usado com o caso GENITIVO quando for uma preposição e significa "DURANTE".
Veja a diferença:
Während des Unterrichts habe ich geschlafen.
(Durante a aula eu dormi). [Während = preposição com GENITIVO]
Während der Lehrer etwas gesagt hat, habe ich geschlafen.
(Enquanto o professor dizia algo, eu dormia). [Während = conjunção]
Agora vamos à ultima confusão: WÄHREND ou SOLANGE?
É bem fácil de entender a diferença das duas palavras se você perceber que em português também há dois tipos de oração com ENQUANTO!
Tipo 1: geralmente usada com o Pretérito Imperfeito do Indicativo (em outros casos com o Presente do Indicativo). Mostram duas ações que acontecem/aconteciam simultaneamente. Pode ser usada também com tempos contínuos (ex. estava + GERÚNDIO). As ações da oração são independentes, ou seja, uma coisa pode não ter a ver com a outra.
Ex..: Enquanto minha mãe telefonava para o meu irmão, eu assistia TV.
Eu estudo alemão enquanto minha irmã toca piano.
Enquanto eu estava sambando, estava todo mundo me olhando.
Tipo 2: geralmente usada com o Futuro do Subjuntivo. O foco não é tanto a simultaneidade das duas ações, mas também a relação que elas têm entre si. Ou seja, uma só acontece enquanto a outra estiver acontecendo também.
Ex.: Enquanto a garota morar com os pais, ela não pode trazer o namorado pra casa.
Enquanto estiver chovendo, vou ficar em casa.
Esse mesmo sentido pode ser usado no passado com outros tempos verbais, o que vale mesmo é a forte relação de uma ação com a outra, de forma que até mesmo possa se tirar conclusões quando o contexto for óbvio.
Por ter os cabelos castanhos, ninguém percebeu que o Hans era estrangeiro. Enquanto ele não abriu a boca, ninguém notou que havia um gringo na festa.
(Conclusão: Foi só ele dizer as primeiras palavras que todo mundo percebeu seu sotaque!).
"Während" é mais usado com frases do TIPO 1, em que o foco seja apenas a simultaneidade de duas ações. Duas coisas acontecem/aconteceram ao mesmo tempo.
"Solange" é mais usado com frases do TIPO 2, em que as ações estejam mais ligadas, em que uma só aconteça enquanto a outra estiver acontecendo.
Enquanto minha mãe telefonava para o meu irmão, eu assistia TV.
Während meine Mutter mit meinem Bruder telefoniert hat, habe ich ferngesehen.
Eu estudo alemão enquanto minha irmã toca piano.
Ich lerne Deutsch, während meine Schwester Klavier spielt.
Enquanto eu estava sambando, estava todo mundo me olhando.
Während ich Samba getanzt habe, haben mich alle angeschaut.
Enquanto a garota morar com os pais, ela não pode trazer o namorado pra casa.
Solange das Mädchen bei den Eltern wohnt, darf sie ihren Freund nicht nach Hause bringen.
Enquanto estiver chovendo, vou ficar em casa.
Solange es noch regnet, bleibe ich zu Hause.
Por ter os cabelos castanhos, ninguém percebeu que o Hans era estrangeiro.
Weil Hans braune Haare hat, hat keiner bemerkt, dass er Ausländer ist.
Enquanto ele não abriu a boca, ninguém notou que havia um gringo na festa.
Solange er den Mund nicht aufgemacht hat, ist es keinem aufgefallen, dass es einen Ausländer auf der Party gab.
POR ENQUANTO se diz de várias formas.. VORERST, VORLÄUFIG (temporariamente), ZUNÄCHST (de início, inicialmente) etc.
Vorerst kannst du bei uns schlafen. (Por enquanto você pode dormir na nossa casa).
Eu estou morando na Alemanha por enquanto. (Ich wohne jetzt vorläufig in Deutschland) (temporariamente)..
"Für eine Weile" também dá certo.. "por um tempo".
"ENQUANTO ISSO" se diz.. "WÄHRENDDESSEN".
E só mais um toque...
SOLANGE não se lê SO-LAN-JI (como se fosse um nome de mulher no Brasil) e sim aproximadamente "ZÔ-LÁN-GÂ" [zᴏːˈlaŋə].
Enquanto a Solange cantar Iarnuô, os brasileiros não aprenderão inglês).
(Solange Solange Iarnuô singt, lernen die Brasilianer kein Englisch.)
E assim, depois de muito esperar, num dia como outro qualquer, decidi triunfar...
Decidi não esperar as oportunidades e sim, eu mesmo buscá-las.
Decidi ver cada problema como uma oportunidade de encontrar uma solução.
Decidi ver cada deserto como uma possibilidade de encontrar um oásis.
Decidi ver cada noite como um mistério a resolver.
Decidi ver cada dia como uma nova oportunidade de ser feliz.
Naquele dia descobri que meu único rival não era mais que minhas próprias limitações e que enfrentá-las era a única e melhor forma de as superar.
Naquele dia, descobri que eu não era o melhor e que talvez eu nunca tivesse sido.
Deixei de me importar com quem ganha ou perde.
Agora me importa simplesmente saber melhor o que fazer.
Aprendi que o difícil não é chegar lá em cima, e sim deixar de subir.
Aprendi que o melhor triunfo é poder chamar alguém de"amigo".
Descobri que o amor é mais que um simples estado de enamoramento, "o amor é uma filosofia de vida".
Naquele dia, deixei de ser um reflexo dos meus escassos triunfos passados e passei a ser uma tênue luz no presente.
Aprendi que de nada serve ser luz se não iluminar o caminho dos demais.
Naquele dia, decidi trocar tantas coisas...
Naquele dia, aprendi que os sonhos existem para tornar-se realidade.
E desde aquele dia já não durmo para descansar...
Simplesmente durmo para sonhar.
Autoria de Walt Disney
Affordable beauty products that really work, chosen by Emma Hill
Published: 11:00AM BST 14 May 2010
Effective needn't be expensive. Cheap beauty products that work. Photo: DENNIS PEDERSEN
At 21 I bought my first anti-ageing eye cream. The day was 1 March, my birthday, and the year a distant, pre-Blair memory. The cream was by Chanel. I don't remember how much it cost, but it hurt. Though what I thought was the alternative hurt worse. For me, 21 marked the beginning of the fight against ageing (oh, the naivety). And to address it properly and effectively, I believed I needed to throw money at it.
Fast-forward to 2010. As a beauty journalist and blogger I've spent 15 years immersed in face creams. And I've realised you don't have to spend a fortune on beauty products to attain good results. The truth is there is plenty out there that is affordable, looks good, feels good and will give you a great result.
Yes, really. The beauty industry has bounded forward in great leaps over the past decade. Knowledge about ingredients and how to make sophisticated products is better than it has ever been, spurred on by an increasingly competitive market and huge conglomerates passing down their technological discoveries from prestige to mass-market brands. So here is the low-down on some of the affordable products I use, rate and love.
Mascara My great friend Jo prefers cheap mascara to expensive, because she says it doesn't clog. She swears by Maybelline's green and pink classic, Great Lash (£4.99; maybelline.co.uk) Jo has thick lashes, so it works for her. I find the brush too spindly for my thinner lashes and prefer Maybelline Colossal Volum' Express Mascara (£6.99), although it has been relegated to evening, because after a few weeks of use it does go a bit thick for daytime.
Max Factor Lash Extension Effect (£10.99; maxfactor.co.uk) is right now the best of the cheap mascaras at defining and lengthening lashes naturally. It has minute fibres in it, which add length. Clever.
Foundation Generally speaking, I would always pay more for foundation, as colours and textures tend to look more natural; Chanel and Bobbi Brown are hard to beat. But when I heard that the make-up artist Charlotte Tilbury was working on an affordable line for Boots, Myface, I made a beeline for the foundation. Mymix (£12.71; 0845 070 8090) gives an expensive finish, and colours don't have that cheap, chalky look. Max Factor Second Skin Foundation (£13.99; maxfactor.co.uk) has a natural finish. Colours are good, if lacking in dark shades. I like the yellow-based Warm Almond.
Eyes Good cheap eyeshadows can be hard to nail – too much shimmer, or chalky and dull. There are some gems, though. Beauty UK, recently launched at Superdrug, is a great find. Colours are high-quality and prices low. Look out for the Metallic Eye Quads (£3.49; 0800 096 1055): No 1 is a beautiful mix of bronze, taupe and brown; No 2 is brilliant for a classic smoky eye.
Barbara Daly Make-Up at Tesco is also well worth tracking down, especially the Eyeshadows (£4.22; 0800 505555), flattering, smoky browns and taupes in matte and slightly sheeny textures to rival Bobbi Brown. Antique, Truffle and Smoke are favourites.
Topshop has just launched a terrific new make-up line. The catwalk make-up artist Hannah Murray is on board to consult on colour. Packaging is quirky, with a hand-drawn effect, and looks and feels as expensive as a make-up-artist range, but prices go from £4 to £12. I love a pinkish-grey eye pencil called First Light (£5; 0845 121 4519). It looks soft and pretty smudged around the eye over brown or black eyeliner.
Nail varnish Revlon Nail Enamel was what my grandmother used on her nails – red, with the half-moon showing, a 1940s look that's back. They're still as good today, and my favourite, Red Hot Tamale, is easier to wear than Revlon Red, my grandmother's favourite. Revlon's colour palette is huge, the lacquer is hard-wearing and it's only £6.29 (0800 085 2716).
Topshop has a nail polish called Copper Coated (£5; 0845 121 4519), with gold flecks in it. Original and glamorous.
Lipstick The world is your oyster – lots of great lipsticks out there in various textures, finishes and a plethora of colours. Just be wary of too much sheen (looks cheap), or bright colours (they can look different on, so test first). Bourjois Sweet Kiss Shine Lipstick is my current favourite, thanks to its matte finish and low-key colours. For me it's a toss-up between: 73, pink nude with a slight sheen; 02, soft, matte coral stain; and 70, a pretty, raspberry pink with a bit of shimmer (£7.99; 0800 269836). At least one of these will be in my make-up bag for summer.
With face creams attaining higher prices every year – there are many over £200, and Sisley's anti-ageing night cream is a mammoth £445! – the belief that effective equals expensive seems to be a given. But there are ways of achieving good results without bankruptcy. I always keep a £1.35 tin of Nivea Creme (nivea.co.uk) handy. Rather than apply it all over, which feels too greasy, I put it on chapped or dry parts of my face, as a buffer before a windy walk. It has a fabulous smell and indulgent feel.
For a brilliant daily moisturiser I like Eucerin's Hyaluron-Filler Day Cream. Eucerin is big in America and mainland Europe and gathering a fan base here. I admit I'd always pushed this boringly packaged brand to one side. Then a friend told me she could use little else without her skin rebelling. So I tried the day cream. Its star ingredient is hyaluronic acid, which is renowned for lending an appearance of youthful plumpness. At around £24.99 (eucerin.co.uk) it is more expensive than other products in the range, but it is still great value.
The British dermatologist and cosmetic doctor Nick Lowe is a favourite among beauty editors for advice because he speaks sense – and he's nice. He also has a good skincare range. Every product has been formulated to address a particular skin issue. For me, The Secret Is Out Super Charged SPF 15 Day Cream is a great protective day cream; I'm wearing it today. If I couldn't stump up the £33-odd for Estée Lauder Daywear Plus SPF 15, I would choose this. It is £16.59 (drnicklowe.com).
For natural skincare Weleda is a cheaper alternative to Dr Hauschka. OK, so Weleda may not pick petals at dawn or follow Hauschka's biodynamic philosophy but the Wild Rose Day Cream (£9.95; 0115 944 8222) is lovely. Boots Botanics Organic Face Hydrating Day Cream is 85 per cent organic – not a bad percentage for a £7.49 moisturiser (0845 070 8090). It leaves my skin soothed and well moisturised without greasiness.
Skin serums, masks and facial exfoliants are rather a luxury, but they can be effective as well as pampering. Serums, which you put on under moisturiser, tend to contain a higher concentration of active ingredients, so work as a boost. One serum I'm often asked about is the Boots No 7 anti-ageing serum, Protect & Perfect (£19; 0845 070 8090).
There has been a lot of hype about this product, ever since a Horizon documentary investigating the effectiveness of anti-ageing creams reported in 2007 that it could improve sun-damaged skin and fine wrinkles. The programme caused a stampede, and I've spoken to many women who swear by it. Boots has recently launched a new version, No 7 Protect & Perfect Intense (£20.50), for older skin, which following a 12-month clinical trial at Manchester University has also been demonstrated to have some beneficial effect on wrinkles.
Another skin treat is Soap & Glory No Clogs Allowed Deep Pore Detox Mask (£10, from Boots; 0845 070 8090), which exfoliates and deep-cleanses. It heats up – thanks to a dirt-absorbing ingredient with an unpronounceable name – and uses smooth jojoba beads and salicylic acid to exfoliate. Cheap facial exfoliants often use scratchy particles, so this is a good alternative. My skin feels soft and clean and looks brighter afterwards.
Organic Surge Skin Perfecting Polish (£5.99; organicsurge.com), is another gentle facial exfoliator I like. If my skin feels tetchy and dry, Purity Organic Skincare Anti-Ageing Serum & Mask (£8.99; from superdrug.com) comes to the rescue. Both are free of parabens and sodium lauryl sulfate, a caustic detergent.
The idea of spending a lot on something you wash off makes little sense. A caveat, though: cheap, wash-off cleansers contain a lot of sodium lauryl sulfate and so tend to dry out the skin. Balms are gentler as they don't foam up, so they're great for dry or sensitive skin types. Eve Lom made her name with cleansing balms and now cheaper brands are following suit. Boots Botanics Organic Soothing Cleansing Balm (£6.49; 0845 070 8090) is top of my list.
I also like Essential Care Organic Calendula Balm (£12; essential-care.co.uk) Neither contains mineral oil, which can be drying.
Cheaper still and comfortingly nostalgic is Pond's Cold Cream Cleanser at £3.99 (ponds.com). As with the balms, smooth it over face and neck and wipe off with a warm, wrung-out muslin facecloth. To give it a lift I mix in a few drops of aromatherapy facial oil, which means I don't need moisturiser afterwards.
A good lotion is Amie Petal Perfect. I weaned one friend off a particularly savage foaming cleanser with this and she hasn't looked back. Amie is a teen skincare line but suits everyone. Its Bright Eyes eye-make-up remover is also great. Both are a steal at £4.75 (amieskincare.com).
And did I mention Simple Eye Make-Up Remover (simple.co.uk)? A lot of make-up artists use it because it's great value – £2.99 – and doesn't irritate models' eyes (or mine).
I've yet to be convinced that eye creams – cheap or expensive – work in the long term. Initial benefits are OK (to soothe, tighten or soften lines), but you rarely see a lasting improvement. However, I continue to road-test – and hope. So far I like Garnier Skin Naturals Ultra Lift Anti Wrinkle Roll-On (£9.99; garnier.co.uk), which is cooling and soothing, absorbs well and firms the skin slightly. Weleda Wild Rose Intensive Eye Cream softens lines (£10.95; 0115 944 8222).
Recently, I have been using Pomegranate Bilberry & Rose Nourishing Night Cream by the quaint-sounding G Baldwin & Co, a London herbalist with a bit of a history. It has a rich, comely texture so you don't need much. At £10.99 it takes some beating (baldwins.co.uk)
Nivea Q10 Plus Anti-Wrinkle Night Cream (£10.65; nivea.co.uk) is gorgeous – not too heavy, and with the nostalgic Nivea scent. The science behind its headline ingredient is sound. Discovered by the biochemist Dr Len Mervyn in the 1950s, Q10 is a naturally occurring antioxidant found in the skin.
HIGH 5: The blow-the-budget products I would flex my credit card for
Omorovicza Complexion Enhancer
More than just a tinted moisturiser, it contains titanium and zinc oxides to give a non-irritating SPF 15. The zinc helps soothe redness, skin looks smoother and brighter, and it hydrates thanks to shea-butter and apple pectin. £72; omorovicza.co.uk
Korner Loaded The Anti-Ager
Fabulous smell, über-cool pot and feels light and velvety. Exotic botanical ingredients work to buffer the skin against the environment, nourish, firm, repair and soothe. Pure luxury. £120; 020 7229 2700
Sarah Chapman Skinesis Overnight Facial
Facial oil makes a great alternative to a cream at night, especially on drier skin. This is one of my favourites – rich in lavishly nourishing omega oils and containing the antioxidant Q10. Rose and jasmine give it a lovely exotic scent. £42; skinesis.com
Creme de la Mer Moisturizing Cream
One of the best moisturisers ever – marvellously restorative thanks to the inclusion of sea kelp. You only need a little. Smooth between palms or fingertips then into the skin. £92; cremedelamer.co.uk
Dior Capture Totale Solaire Global Anti-Aging Tan Activator
Combines the anti-ageing benefits of the original Capture Totale range with the self-tan agent DHA, a melanin-booster, and ingredients to protect from UV oxidation. Gives a lovely glow – a good summer serum. £75; available nationwide from Monday
The Telegraph is offering two lucky readers the chance to win a pair of tickets to the last day of the Chelsea Flower Show 2010.
Published: 12:05PM BST 07 May 2010
Chelsea Flower Show tickets
This is your chance to win tickets to the Chelsea Flower Show, one of the greatest stages on earth for world-class garden designers, nurserymen and exhibitors. It's where celebrities, rock stars and gardening experts rub shoulders with the public to admire show gardens, the small gardens and the flower exhibits in the floral pavilion.
RHS Chelsea Flower Show, which opens its gates on Tuesday, May 25 until May 29, is every gardening enthusiast's dream - and this year looks set to be a classic. The Daily Telegraph has a show garden designed by one of the country's most original designers, the multi-gold-medal-winning Andy Sturgeon; other world-class names include Tom Stuart-Smith and Thomas Hoblyn.
But it's much more than that. The floral pavillion is for many the biggest draw, filled with roses, bulbs, exotic vegetation and - increasingly - grow-your-own displays, while the small gardens, which are divided into Urban and Courtyard categories, give up-and-coming designers the chance to show what they can do. And of course there's the shopping, green houses, accessories and machines.
And we are offering two lucky readers the chance to win a pair of tickets to the final day of the show; simply fill out the form here by midnight on the 23rd of May and we will email the winners the following day.
Chelsea Flower Show garden to feature giant replica canal lock - By Alastair Jamieson - Telegraph.co.uk
A giant replica of a pair of canal lock gates is to become one of the most striking water features ever seen at the Chelsea Flower Show.
By Alastair Jamieson
Published: 8:00AM BST 16 May 2010
The replica lock gates at the Chelsea Flower Show Photo: GEOFF PUGH
The 12ft oak timber gates, weighing a total of three tonnes, are part of a garden that aims to celebrate the 18th century industrial heritage of Leeds.
Water is pumped through the gaps in the 'lock' to recreate the canalside atmosphere, while the garden is split into two parts with a birch woodland with bluebells on one side and a meadow featuring Cornflowers and Bishops Flower on the other.
The garden, created by Leeds City Council and modelled on the locks found on the Leeds-Liverpool Canal, is the latest in a series of eye-catching water features to make an appearance at the annual horticultural event.
In 2003, inventor James Dyson puzzled crowds at the show with an 'uphill' stream, inspired by the drawings of Dutch artist MC Escher, which used optical illusions to give the appearance of water flowing up a series of ramps.
Staff from the city council's parks and countryside service, have helped design and create the £250,000 garden, which is paid for through sponsorship by local military supply firm HESCO Bastion.
Martin Walker, one of members of the team behind the replica lock, said: "When the Chelsea Flower Show is over the garden will be moved back to Leeds where it can be enjoyed by others.
"The plants in the meadow area will continue to flower through until August.
"As well as being eye-catching, the garden provides the opportunity for city's landscape staff to enhance their skills."
The gates, made by local craftsmen in Leeds, were transported to London by road and installed last week so that the garden can be completed with plants before the opening of the sell-out show, on May 25.
Bob Sweet, organiser of the Chelsea Flower Show for the Royal Horticultural Society, said: "We have seem all manner of unusual entries but this is the first time we have seen an almost-full-size pair of canal lock gates.
"It is a brilliant piece of engineering and has cleverly married a soft landscape with a harder, industrial location."
Asparagus, quail's eggs, broad beans and parma ham with saffron mayonnaise - By Diana Henry - Telegraph.co.uk
A beautiful summery lunch platter. Cold poached salmon can be used instead of ham.
By Diana Henry
Published: 7:00AM BST 16 May 2010
Asparagus, quail's eggs, broad beans and parma ham with saffron mayonnaise Photo: KATE WHITAKER
For the mayonnaise
1 egg yolk (from a large egg)
smidgen of Dijon mustard
good pinch of saffron
1 small clove garlic, crushed
150ml (5fl oz) olive oil
1 tbsp white-wine vinegar
squeeze of lemon juice (optional)
drop of Tabasco (optional)
For the platter
175g (6oz) broad beans (podded weight)
extra-virgin olive oil, for drizzling
squeeze of lemon juice
18-24 French breakfast radishes (preferably with fresh leaves attached)
25g (1oz) watercress or lamb's lettuce
600g (1lb 4oz) asparagus
18 quail's eggs
150g (5½oz) parma or other cured ham
French bread, to serve
Put the egg yolk in a bowl with the mustard, saffron and garlic and mix well. Start beating with an electric beater, then gradually add a few drops of olive oil. Increase the stream of oil as you whisk, making sure the mixture is thickening. If it separates, put a new yolk in another bowl, and start again, adding the curdled mixture to the fresh yolk. Add the vinegar and some seasoning, then taste. You may want a little more vinegar, salt or pepper, or to add a bit of lemon. I also use a dash of Tabasco – just enough to give a background warmth, not mouth-burning heat.
If your beans are very young and small, they can be eaten raw. If not, cook in boiling water until just tender. Rinse in cold water then slip the skins off to reveal the lovely emerald colour. Drizzle with a little extra-virgin olive oil, add seasoning and lemon juice. Divide between six plates. Put the radishes on the plates as well, plus a little clump of watercress or lamb's lettuce.
Prepare the asparagus and eggs at the last minute, if you can, so they're bright and fresh and your guests can have the sensation of both hot and cold elements. Snap the base off each asparagus stalk and finely peel any of the skin that looks tough. Boil or steam the asparagus until just tender (about four minutes). Boil the eggs for four minutes. Leave the shells on some; peel and halve the rest (the mixture of colours looks wonderful on the plate). Put the warm stems of asparagus and a few slices of ham on the plates too, and add a pool of saffron mayonnaise to each one. Serve with French bread.
To coincide with the release of Ridley Scott's Robin Hood, we offer a guide to visiting the attractions associated with Britain's most legendary historical and mythical figures.
The legendary outlaw and his Merry Men are most commonly portrayed as residents of Sherwood Forest, near the Nottinghamshire village of Edwinstowe. The massive Major Oak tree – with a circumference of 33 feet – is said to be the shelter where Robin Hood slept, while the Church of St. Mary, in Edwinstowe, may be where he tied the knot with Maid Marian.
The annual Robin Hood Festival will be held in August (www.nottinghamshire.gov.uk/robinhoodfestival), while fun and games are also scheduled on May Day. See www.sherwoodforest.org.uk for more information.
Sherwood Forest is also home to a Centre Parcs (www.centerparcs.co.uk), where aspiring young bandits can practice their archery.
Sir William Lyons' brilliant Jaguar XK120 with its straight-six engine was the world's fastest production car at its 1948 launch.
By Jasper Gerard
Published: 7:30AM BST 06 May 2010
The 120 designation referred to the car's top speed Photo: Alamy
Between fields of rape the notorious lothario floored the open Bentley, dispensing a cavalier wave as he flashed past on the lane.
That was my first encounter with the late Alan Clark, who was no doubt blasting to an assignation across the North Downs.
It could have been a film set with the minister cast as Mr Toad, yet his pleasure was so palpable he may as well have communicated it through a loud hailer.
And from that moment I was hooked on open-top motoring. I don't mean merely sunroof or rag-top, I mean real exposure to the elements: no windscreen, just goggles and perhaps - for the complete Clark-esque retro experience - a polka-dot scarf flapping raffishly in the wind.
But dreams about the elements aren't always enhanced by their realisation. Not only is the noise from the Jaguar XK120's engine deafening, I don't think I've ever been quite so cold.
You know how long-dead explorers are occasionally dug up on Everest, still dressed in tweeds and plus fours? Well that's cosy compared to me piloting this 120.
Not that I've much time to dwell on my discomfort: 120 stands for this sleek leaping cat's top speed, making Sir William Lyons' brilliant baby with its now legendary straight-six engine the world's fastest production car at its 1948 launch.
Indeed, you see the word "leaping" is not merely marketing speak but a description of the driving experience. Jaguar tester Ron "Soapy" Sutton even pushed an adapted car past 136mph.
Its race prowess with Stirling Moss breaking records, combined with its sensual curves, established the 120 as the glamour model du jour, a reputation that spread to all Jaguar cars and lasted a quarter of a century.
This was the British car that really conquered America, instilling a love of intimate, peppy, charming sports cars from the old country, attracting celebrity owners such as Clark Gable.
I'm driving a white racing-spec example and it's easy to see how the grace and pace of this leaping cat lit up the grey streets of Britain so soon after the war.
Before this car, open-top touring was the preserve of the Bentley boys, but suddenly unprecedented power was available to those in Surrey villas as well as Oxfordshire statelies.
Who cares if the owner made his money from some iffy deal involving army surplus? Not he.
I can't hear much but from what I gather during the drive my companion, Kevin Wooding, has campaigned in rallies, driving a 120 to Italy.
He seems to have had a high old time blasting across mountain passes; he must be carved from harder stone than me, back when motorists weren't acclimatised to electric bum warmers.
"One woman saw the car and proposed to me on the spot," he shouts across the narrow cabin of blood red leather.
Still, as we terrorise Surrey - the glares you can attract in a Chelsea tractor are nothing to this - I see that here is a pleasure worth suffering for; they will be talking of nothing else for months at the local noise abatement society.
The XK120 morphed into the 140 and then the 150. Now it is less familiar to the casual observer than the later, iconic E-type but there is something more beautiful and basic about this early car.
All the bits required to turn this example into a road car are there - bumpers, even - but for toads on the prowl for thrills, this is the love machine.
Dress: pencil moustache, cravat
On the wireless: Cool for Cats by Squeeze
Price: £67,500 www.hurstpark.co.uk
Telegraph verdict: Four out of five
Vertu, Tag Heuer and Versace: the mobile phones of millionaires - By Matt Warman, Consumer Technology Editor - Telegraph.co.uk
Brands such as Tag Heuer, Vertu and Versace are carving out an ultra-luxury niche in mobile phones with models such as the Meridiist and the new Ascent
By Matt Warman, Consumer Technology Editor
Published: 8:00AM BST 15 May 2010
Vertu's new Ascent mobile phone retails for up to £5,400
WHEN you can get the latest mobile phone for free if you sign up to a £30 a month contract, who would spend £3,000 on a new handset?
If that question even occurs to you, the chances are you’re not in the market for a Vertu Ascent or a Tag Heuer Meridiist. For these are the mobile devices that are part of the same landscape as £20,000 watches.
And just as a Patek Philippe doesn’t tell a different time to a Swatch, so the most expensive mobile phones don’t do anything more than a regular Nokia. (Some of them, it should be pointed out, do rather less.)
Go to Vertu’s Old Bond Street shop, however, and you can feel why the first batch of the new Ascent sold out within days of its arrival, despite a retail price of £3,850-£5,400. And it’s feel that is important – pictures of these leather or carbon fibre-clad devices cannot convey the poise of handsets with crystal screens and the perfectly weighted keys on perfectly weighted devices.
The new Vertu Ascent, its makers argue, captures a spirit that is often lost in the mobile phone market: hand-made, signed by the individual who built it, in Church Crookham, Berkshire, each handset is designed to last for decades. They’re second phones primarily for voice calls in an age of the BlackBerry and the iPhone.
For Tag Heuer, the challenge of making a mobile phone was in getting its craftsmanship to be self-evident . That’s why there’s premium leather and clear skill in its construction.
But should you want one? Are these mobile phones really carving out their own luxury niche?
The answer, ironically, comes down to technology. As phones increasingly look like sheets of glass because they’re dominated by touchscreens, so it is becoming increasingly difficult for ultra-luxury phones to make their case.
Versace, however, has promised that its forthcoming phone will be a primarily touchscreen device, and that means the brand cannot hand-bevel every key in a bid to stamp its marque on a product. It will come down, for the first time in this market, to a perfect screen – that will need to put all comers to shame – and the interface.
That, for some time already, has been Vertu’s calling card. Although its heritage is rooted with Nokia, the firm has long made, in Britain, its own interface. Part of that is the much-vaunted personal concierge service that customers are given access to, but increasingly it’s already coming down to applications and special services. A travel app, for instance, has been a genuine selling point but increasingly there are very similar services available to the mass market. Apps for Google Android phones, for iPhones and for BlackBerrys, offer ideas for travellers that can be tailored to the super-luxury or budget end of the market at the touch of a button.
And there, it’s likely, will come the rub. Because that Tag Heuer watch tells the same time as any other, and is an object of desire because of the extraordinary craftsmanship. For now, phones at the highest end of the spectrum are doing surprisingly well because the same craftsmanship is enough of a differentiator from the norm. And there’s something appealing about a phone that’s simply a phone.
But expectations will continue to rise – a phone without email, for instance, will become like a watch without a minute hand in due course. Tag’s Meridiist, however, is clearly at the moment genuinely aligned with the company’s successful principles. Vertu’s Ascent 2010 is wonderful to hold; the company also has a fully-fledged smartphone on the way. And Versace’s handset will, in fact, be based on Google’s Android operating system. That means, sooner rather than later, there’ll be no excuse for the high-rolling Rolex wearer not to own a phone that costs as much as a ticket from London to New York. First class, of course.
By Alistair Osborne and Kamal Ahmed
Published: 10:40PM BST 15 May 2010
In one of his first acts as Transport Secretary, Phil Hammond has called the meeting for tomorrow morning, the day before 20 days of industrial action are due to start. BA officials have also agreed to attend ACAS as momentum builds behind a possible last-minute deal.
In an interview with The Sunday Telegraph, Willie Walsh, BA’s CEO, said that he would consider recruiting new cabin crew once the latest strike was over to ensure that if there were another dispute the airline would be able to provide a “100pc service”.
Mr Walsh said he expected 70pc of flights to operate during the strike over the next three weeks. BA is likely to announce record annual losses of up to £600m later in the week.
Mr Hammond, who is likely to meet BA and the unions separately, said the strike would “ultimately be self-defeating”.
“This strike is extremely bad news for passengers, British Airways and its employees,” Mr Hammond said.
“I understand how difficult it can be when people’s jobs have to change, but a prolonged series of strikes will weaken the company and put those jobs at risk.
“I urge both parties to resolve their dispute to avoid disruption to passengers and safeguard the future of British Airways.”
BA will also go to the High Court tomorrow to seek an injunction against the strike after the airline said it had found evidence that Unite had not complied with legal requirements to reveal the breakdown of the ballot result.
“We are in a fight against completely unjustified action by the union,” said Mr Walsh. “Everyone who has been close to this recognises that we are dealing with a completely dysfunctional trade union branch controlled by BASSA.
“It is clear that Tony Woodley and Derek Simpson [the Unite leaders] have not been in control of this situation. We have had great difficulty trying to reach agreement with this group [BASSA].”
Mr Walsh said that Gordon Brown had agreed with him that parts of the union were “dysfunctional”.
“Resolution is always possible,” Mr Walsh said.
“It is now up to Tony Woodley and Derek Simpson – they have a responsibility to their members, they have to stand up and be counted. The people who matter here are the British Airways cabin crew who are our employees. I don’t believe their wishes have been represented.”
He said that “in the end cabin crew will vote with their feet” and continue coming back to work in large numbers.
Mr Walsh said that investors still backed BA’s approach.
“Our investors understand what we are doing and why,” he said. “There has been a permanent and structural change to our cost base and there is acknowledgement that for BA to be viable and competitive we have to continue to deliver on cost control and getting our cost base into line.”
Gert Zonneveld, an analyst at Panmure Gordon, expects BA to post record losses of around £600m pre-tax and operating losses of about £300m this week. BA lost £401m pre-tax last year.
He noted the figures would not include the losses from the volcanic ash disruption, which will be in the following year’s results. Mr Zonneveld said that Mr Walsh had no option but to cut costs given that it “may take a while for the airline to see a strong recovery in premium yields and volumes”.
He also believed Mr Walsh was right to refuse to back down over cabin crew’s travel privileges.
“He can’t say he’s going to take them away one day and give them back the next. The share price is telling you that the market is reasonably relaxed about the situation [the strikes] and he does have the backing of the board.”
Þ Ryanair has been fined €3m (£2.55m) for leaving passengers stranded in Italian airports during the volcanic ash flying ban.
Italy’s civil aviation authority, Enac, issued fines for 178 separate breaches of the rules on airlines’ obligations when flights were cancelled between April 16 and 22.
Published: 10:40PM BST 15 May 2010
All of a sudden, the pair seem to have the same harmonious take on how best to fix Broken Britain.
Indeed, at a glance, it is becoming increasingly difficult to tell Messieurs Cameron and Clegg apart.
According to a survey by this newspaper, the public, it seems, are none the wiser as to the true identities of the new Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister.
Armed with a photograph of this Conservative/Liberal Democrat entanglement in the form of a digitally modified photograph combining the features of both men, The Sunday Telegraph took to the streets to see whether anyone could spot the difference.
Katrina Chapman, 45, a part-time teaching assistant from Kennington, south London. Mrs Chapman identified the photograph as David Cameron.
"That's definitely David Cameron."
When told it was a photo of both: "It still looks more like Cameron, but then they are pretty similar aren't they?
"I voted Labour and I don't think the coalition will work. I think Cameron and Clegg are merging personalities. They've both got the same background, they wear the same suits, they've got the same wives, they both look clean-cut and happy and both have their nice big houses. What's the difference?"
Paul Rieger, 38, a market research executive from Maidstone, Kent. Mr Rieger identified the photograph as Nick Clegg.
When told it was a photo of both: "Is it? No way. You couldn't tell. This coalition thing is getting more frightening by the minute. I still think it looks more Clegg than Cameron. The hair and the shape of the face is Clegg.
"I voted Lib Dem to try and oust the Tories in my constituency, which was a lost cause. I'm happy with the coalition, in as much as I couldn't see any other alternative outcome that made any sense. I'm pragmatic and optimistic about it. Perhaps true consensus politics might start happening.
"I think Cameron and Clegg's identities have been watered down, but that's an inevitable result of them trying to work together to make the coalition successful."
Seema Vekaria, 25, an optometrist from south Hampstead in north London. Miss Vekaria correctly identified the photograph as both Cameron and Clegg.
"Is that some kind of weird Clegg Cameron mix? The face looks older than Clegg does. It's more like Cameron with those wrinkles – he definitely looks older than Clegg.
"I went to go and vote Lib Dem, but I got to the polling station a bit too late and so couldn't vote. I think the coalition is the lesser of two evils. I was going to vote Lib Dem because my parents vote Tory, and they are just so straight-headed and can't think outside the box. I think the Lib Dems have different ideas on tax and better policies for working people.
"Both men are going to have to give in on some issues and tone down their identities. But I do think it's a bit strange that during the debates, all three leaders were so against each other, and now Cameron and Clegg are one big happy family who can suddenly work together."
Rachel Mcquade, 20, a student from Manchester. Miss Mcquade identified the photograph as David Cameron.
"That's David Cameron. It's the big forehead that makes him recognisable."
When told it was a photo of both: "You'd never know because they are so similar anyway.
"I was going to vote Conservative, but then I went on the Telegraph website and did the online questionnaire on whether you agreed or disagreed with the parties policies, and I decided to vote Lib Dem. I preferred things like their ideas on benefits for people who don't work and for full-time mothers. They just seemed to have fairer policies on benefits.
"The coalition is really positive because it will reflect a variety of views. But I don't think Nick Clegg is being true to himself. He's only doing it because he said he'd support the party with the most number of votes during the campaign, so now he's got no choice."
Raymond Veal, 56, works for VisitBritain, from the Wirral, Merseyside. Mr Veal correctly identified the photograph as both Cameron and Clegg.
"The hair and the eyes look like Clegg's and the lower part of the face looks like Cameron.
"I voted Conservative, though I'm not a lifelong Conservative voter. But I felt that it was the appropriate vote given the current economic circumstances, which called for a change in approach. At the moment, the two men and their policies are being blurred. But I think it will soon become much more apparent that differences do exist, especially in the forthcoming by-election [in Thirsk and Malton, North Yorkshire].
"If anything, Cameron's identity is emerging the more strongly, as commentators suggest that he has played his cards very well and has outmanoeuvred Clegg. It seems as if Clegg has got Cameron exactly where Cameron wanted to be."
Jackie Sambrook, 49, an administration supervisor from Carshalton, Surrey. Mrs Sambrook identified the photograph as David Cameron.
"It's his eyes, definitely, he's got distinctive eyes."
When told it was a photo of both: "Now you've said it, I can't really identify it as one or the other, although I still think it looks more like David Cameron than Nick Clegg. Right up until the last minute, I was going to vote for Nick Clegg, but in the end, I voted Conservative, which I've never done in my life. I was sick and tired of Labour, but I knew that voting for Clegg wouldn't get us anywhere.
"Given the choice, they had to merge to get rid of the Labour party and they couldn't really stick to their guns. I don't think they really want to work together, they just both want to be in power."
George Osborne fears defeat on tougher EU hedge funds rules after 'hopsital pass' - By Kamal Ahmed and Rachel Cooper - Telegraph.co.uk
By Kamal Ahmed and Rachel Cooper
Published: 11:14PM BST 15 May 2010
Sources close to the new Chancellor of the Exchequer said that although the British Government still disagreed with large parts of the directive, the process was now too far down the track to be stopped.
“We know we have to pick our battles and this was one we had already lost,” one source said.
Mr Osborne, who took up his post in the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition Government last week, called Elena Salgado, the Spanish finance minister and present head of Ecofin, on Friday to discuss the UK’s position.
The British Government initially called for a delay to the crunch meeting in Brussels on Tuesday because the Government had only just been formed, but the appeal was rejected.
Mr Osborne told Ms Selgado of the UK’s fears about the directive but it was clear, according to sources, that the vast majority of European states supported the new regulations. The UK is only supported by the Czech Republic and because the vote is under qualified majority voting, the UK is set to lose.
British hedge fund managers say the new directive will cost UK funds millions of pounds in new regulation fees and could lead to an exodus of City leaders to Switzerland and the Middle East.
They say that the new regulations have been put in place as a response to the financial crisis of 2008 even though it was banks rather than hedge funds that caused the systemic collapse.
Once Ecofin has passed the directive it moves to the European Parliament and European Commission in a process known as “trilogue”. Treasury sources said it was unlikely that there would be fundamental changes to the directive as both bodies had to recognise the decision of the finance ministers.
Officials close to Mr Osborne said that the Chancellor had been given a “hospital pass” by Gordon Brown, who had delayed the final meeting of the finance ministers until after May 6.
“We will make our case,” the source said. “But there is a majority in favour of the directive and we don’t want to be in a position where we squander any negotiating capital we have for the future on an issue it doesn’t appear we can win.”
The UK finance sector is most concerned by the “passporting” provisions in the directive, which say that non-EU domiciled or managed funds have to apply for a licence to operate in each of the EU’s member states. The UK is home to 80pc of Europe’s hedge funds.
Germany and France, which are home to fewer hedge funds and private equity firms, are the main proponents of stricter rules that will also curb pay and borrowing at hedge funds and impose greater transparency on a traditionally secretive industry.
The British Venture Capital Association has raised concerns about the directive, saying it would impose substantial new costs on the sector and make Europe a “profoundly less attractive place in which to conduct private equity business”.
It has argued that as well as the transparency requirements requiring funds to disclose financial statements and “other sensitive information”, the cost of implementing the changes could cost funds in the region of £10,000-£15,000 a quarter.
The Alternative Investment Management Association, the Investment Management Association and the National Association of Pension Funds last week wrote a joint letter to MEPs asking for leniency on the “third party” proposals in the directive that would place controls on non-EU funds.
In the letter, the groups warned that this would ban European investors from investing overseas, reduce choice and drive down returns for pension funds and other investors. They added there was a real risk that it would provoke retaliatory action in non-EU jurisdictions, which would damage the European financial services industry and the whole European economy.
The proposed rules have also provoked anger in the US, with Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner arguing that the planned rules would discriminate against US fund managers doing business in Europe.
Simon Havers, chairman of the British Venture Capital and Private Equity Association, said recently the new rules would encourage firms to locate outside the EU in Dubai, Zurich and New York. “Europe would be less shooting itself in the foot than squarely in the temple,” he said.
The Polish-born mother of David and Ed Miliband – both standing for the leadership of the Labour Party – survived the Holocaust as many of those around her died. Robert Mendick and Matthew Day piece together her remarkable story .
By Robert Mendick and Matthew Day
Published: 8:54AM BST 16 May 2010
A group of Jews apprehended by German soldiers in Czestochowa Photo: WWW.CZESTOCHOWAJEWS.ORG
Marion Miliband smiles for the camera while on holiday in Scotland. Her two beloved sons, David and Ed, the first brothers in Cabinet for more than 70 years and now leadership rivals for the Labour Party, are at her side along with her sister and her husband Ralph. It is a photograph taken almost a quarter of a century ago that shows an ordinary family enjoying an everyday holiday.
But the upbringing of both Marion and Ralph could not have been more different from the stable, loving home they gave their children. Both of them Jewish, they separately fled the Nazis, avoiding almost certain death in the concentration camps that claimed the lives of millions of Jews.
Ralph, who would go on to become one of Britain’s most celebrated Left-wing intellectuals, fled his home in 1940 accompanied by his father. They walked from Brussels to Ostend, where they caught the last boat to Britain before Belgium was overrun by Nazi Germany. His escape is relatively well known, recounted in a biography and numerous newspaper and magazine articles.
Marion’s story – a miraculous tale of survival against all odds – has never been properly told, and she is reluctant to speak about it publicly. But The Sunday Telegraph has been able to piece together fragments of her past; a past that shapes the characters of her two successful, competitive sons. Hers is a journey of survival through occupied Poland that relied on help from a German factory boss, nuns in a convent and other Jews and non-Jews alike. Some of those that helped her perished in the war.
As one source close to the family put it: “It is an extraordinary story and you can draw your own conclusions about how this has shaped David and Ed’s lives. Their mum’s background has given them a toughness but also a sense of fairness.”
According to Polish records, Marion, now 75, was born Dobra Jenta Kozak in 1934, the daughter of wealthy Jewish parents, in the town of Czestochowa in Poland, about 130 miles south west of Warsaw. Her parents Dawid, after whom David Miliband is named, and Bronislawa Kozak owned a steel factory in the town, employing about 300 people, and for the first six years of her life Marion – or Dobra as she was then – along with her sister Hadassa, were secure and comfortable. The 35,000-strong Jewish community was thriving. The Jews spoke mainly Yiddish among themselves (Dobra is a Yiddish variation on the biblical Deborah), while the community was served by a number of synagogues, some extremely grand, and six daily Jewish newspapers.
Life in Czestochowa turned upside down on September 3, 1939 when the Germans took brutal control of the town. The Jewish schools were closed, synagogues torched and the Kozaks’ factory was commandeered and transformed into a munitions plant. Marion’s grandparents, Adela and Mosiek Kozak, moved into the family home for safety, while displaced Jews from surrounding villages and towns flooded into Czestochowa to take refuge in the ghetto.
It was on Yom Kippur, the Jewish religion’s holiest day, that the worst nightmares were realised with the liquidation beginning on September 22, 1942 of the Czestochowa ghetto. An estimated 2,000 Jews were murdered on the spot and another 40,000 transported to the gas chambers at the Treblinka concentration camp.
As the deportations began, Marion, her sister and her mother went into hiding, from that point on their lives in constant danger. Her father stayed behind to look after his parents who were too frail to flee.
In July 1943, Adela was murdered by the Germans – she was probably shot – while Mosiek was almost certainly killed at the same time. Adela’s gravestone in the town’s Jewish cemetery, now overgrown and in the shadow of the local steelworks, states simply: “In loving memory of our mother Adela Kozak, murdered by the Germans July 18, 1943 and to the memory of our father Mauryc [a variation of Mosiek], and their children Dawid and Cecylia Kozak.” Cecylia, it is thought, died in the Warsaw uprising in 1944.
What happened to Dawid is less clear. One account has that he died in Auschwitz, while another suggests he was killed in Germany. Local records uncovered by The Sunday Telegraph reveal a third, alternative story.
A death certificate suggests he died in Czestochowa on May 12, 1945, four days after the end of the war. He has no known grave. Dawid had been forced to work, according to the local historian Wieslaw Paszkowski, in the notorious Hasag Pelcery slave labour camp in the town. Mr Paszkowski suggests Dawid was deported along with about 6,000 Jews at Hasag in January 1945 as the Red Army advanced to Germany, perhaps to another concentration camp. How he returned to Czestochowa, presumably to look for his wife and daughters, and how he died is unclear.
Marion’s survival is all the more remarkable. Sigmund Rolat, now a wealthy New York philanthropist who heads the World Society of Czestochowa Jews, has told The Sunday Telegraph that he is convinced Marion Kozak was in a party with him that had a miraculous escape in June 1943. A smaller ghetto had been established following the mass deportations the year before. That, too, was cleared in 1943. The children were taken by truck to the local cemetery where they were shot on the spot.
“I was the last one of some 30 children, standing in a line waiting to board the truck that would take us to the cemetery for execution,” recalled Mr Rolat. “At that point, Dr Litt, a German who ran a munitions factory, walked over and said, 'I will take the children.’ The SS captain in charge was angry and challenged him, demanding to know what good children would be in a munitions factory. Litt said something about children being able to do jobs that machines couldn’t. One of those children who was saved that day was the mother of David Miliband.”
According to Mr Rolat, Dr Litt was Czestochowa’s own Oskar Schindler, the German industrialist credited with saving 1,200 Jewish lives during the Holocaust and whose story became a best-selling book and subsequently an award-winning film.
It is a version of events Marion has told friends she “does not recognise”. The friend said: “A German was appointed to run the family factory, which was turned into an armaments factory during the war, and there was at least one instance of him being helpful towards the family escaping the ghetto.” It is not clear if the German who helped Marion was the same as the Dr Litt who saved Mr Rolat. Marion was just nine at the time and has told friends she can’t recall his name.
On another occasion, nuns in a convent took the Kozaks in and hid them from the Nazis. Marion refuses to divulge where or when this took place. She also credits the “kindness and generosity of acquaintances in Warsaw” with her survival. Local records suggest at the end of the war her name was registered as Maria – Mr Rolat remembers calling her Marysia – while her sister had switched from Hadassa to Jadwiga. It is thought the Polish names would have been used during the war years to disguise their Jewish identities.
The only official version of events – in a biography of Ralph Miliband written by a family friend, Michael Newman – states simply: “For the rest of the war Marion, Hadassa and their mother had been in constant danger and owed their lives to several brave people, Jewish and non-Jewish, many of whom were themselves killed.”
By the end of the war about 8,000 Jews had survived the Holocaust in Czestochowa. Today just 30 are registered with the town’s Jewish club. Those who are there are proud of the Milibands.
“Not everybody is aware that the family of David and Ed comes from here, but, for those who have learnt about them, we are very proud of them and their success,” said Halina Wasilewicz, head of the town’s Jewish club. “It makes us happy to know that their family is from Czestochowa.”
In 1947, Marion, aged 12, was sent to Britain through a Jewish organisation, arriving here unable to speak English and with almost no formal education. But she was extremely bright and gained entrance to university at the normal age, later meeting Ralph Miliband, whose classes she took while a student at the London School of Economics. They married in 1961; David was born in 1965, Ed in 1969.
The boys are close to their mother. David lives with his family in the home he grew up in in Primrose Hill, while his mother has a flat – once owned by Ed –300 yards away. Their father, Ralph, died in 1994. Until a few months ago, Ed lived in another flat between the two. “The boys see their mother regularly,” says a family friend.
When Ed was considering standing last week, a source told The Sunday Telegraph: “Ed is gearing himself up to go for it. He has told his mum he wants to do it.” For his part, David declared: “She [Mum] has taught us a lot about causes that matter, and this is a cause she is going to have to sit out.”
Marion will make no comment on the leadership race in which both her boys are frontrunners. As always, she will remain firmly behind the scenes. But both David and Ed recognise the debt they owe her and her spirit and determination to survive.
Ash cloud: Manchester, Liverpool, East Midlands and Prestwick airports to close - By Andy Bloxham - Telegraph.
Airports including Manchester, Liverpool, East Midlands and Prestwick will be closed from 1pm due to a cloud of volcanic ash, the air traffic authority Nats said.
Ash from the Eyjafjallajokull volcano could remain in UK airspace until Wednesday
Parts of the airspace above Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Republic of Ireland are already closed after wind blew ash from an erupting Icelandic volcano above the UK and more flights are set to be grounded as the cloud spreads to the south and east this afternoon.
A statement on the Nats website said the no-fly zone will be extended between 1pm and 7pm today to include Manchester, Liverpool, Carlisle, Doncaster, Humberside and East Midlands airports, all airports in Northern Ireland and Scottish airports, including Prestwick.
The Nats statements said: "The CAA's no-fly zone required by the high density volcanic ash cloud will not affect London airports for the period 1300-1900 (local time) today.
"The no-fly zone for this period has moved east to a line stretching from Prestwick on the west coast to Humberside on the east coast and south to a line just north of Birmingham.
"Airports which fall within the no-fly zone include all those in Northern Ireland, Ronaldsway, Prestwick, Carlisle, Manchester, Liverpool, Doncaster, Humberside and East Midlands and some Scottish island airports including Campbeltown, Islay and Barra.
"There are currently no other restrictions within UK airspace.
"According to information from the Irish Aviation Authority, Dublin will remain open until at least 0100 tomorrow (Monday) and Shannon until 2300 tonight."
The Department of Transport has warned about possible flight disruption elsewhere across the UK, lasting perhaps until Tuesday morning, if the ash from the erupting Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull is blown above Britain.
It is bad news for passengers hoping the skies were getting back to normal a month after ash from the eruption first cancelled a swathe of flights across Europe.
It will arrive as British Airways faces strike action which could worsen the travel disruption.
The cloud is expected to lie over the London area by Tuesday, but is likely to have drifted out of UK airspace by Wednesday, according to forecasters.
Philip Hammond, the Transport Secretary, said: "The Government is carefully monitoring this situation and the safety of passengers will remain our paramount concern.
"We have taken the decision to publish five-day forecasts as we want airlines, other transport providers and the public to have the best possible information. However, the situation remains fluid and these forecasts are always liable to change.
"Nats will advise of any airspace closures as and when they become necessary and I urge passengers to check with their airlines before taking any action."
The Met Office stressed that the five-day forecasts, published on its website, could quickly change. Its charts will be updated every six hours.
A spokeswoman said the volcano had become more active but if its activity reduces the predictions would change.
She said the ash plume was currently reaching heights of up to 25,000 feet (7,620 metres) and winds blowing from the north west mean there is a risk of ash being blown into UK airspace.
The wind direction is expected to change in the middle of next week and will blow from the south west, taking ash away from the UK.
A spokesman for BAA, which operates Heathrow, Stansted and Southampton airports in the south of England and Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen airports in Scotland, welcomed the new five-day forecasts but added: "It's good to have information in advance but we are acutely aware that things can change quickly.
"Over the next 24 hours we'll have a much clearer idea how it will affect southern England."
The Scottish Government's transport minister, Stewart Stevenson, said: "The Scottish Government is working to ensure that additional capacity is available as necessary on road, rail and on our ferries network to mitigate the impacts and ministers continue to monitor the situation closely."
He added: "We will be guided by safety considerations first."
Robin Gisby, Network Rail's director of operations and customer service, said it would co-ordinate action on behalf of the rail industry to help stranded air passengers.
"We will do everything we can to give them alternative travel options," he said.
"Working with long-distance passenger operators we are boosting services to and from Scotland and to Irish Sea ports. If necessary, Network Rail will postpone engineering work to allow more services to run."
The German authorities have warned of possible disruption from tomorrow and a test flight to measure the ash concentration is planned today.
Dr Dougal Jerram, a volcanologist from Durham University, said the eruption could last for months.
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